Fiddler Crabs Home Blog

Uca pugnax

Publications Using this Name

Citation Common Name(s) Where Applied to... Accepted Name Source of Accepted Note(s)
Rathbun (1897)   text p. 27   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Holmes (1900)   text p. 75   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1900)   text p. 585   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1902)   text p. 7   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Holmes (1904)   text p. 310   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1905) Fiddler crab text p. 1-2 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax [Atlantic coast of United States] Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: New England, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Mayer (1905)   text p. 107; figure 74 location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Holmes (1908) fiddler crab text p. 493-497 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Sullivan (1909) Fiddler Crab text p. 71; plate 4: figure 17 citation: Verrill & Smith (1874)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Rhode Island, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Sumner et al. (1911)   text p. 675 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Verrill (1873)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith (1878)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Bumpus (1898)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1905)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fowler (1912)   text p. 446, 454-457; plates 146-147 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Verrill (1873)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Kingsley (1878)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Smith (1878)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1884)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Leidy (1888)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Paulmier (1905)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1900)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1905)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Mayer (1905)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Herbst (1804)Cancer vocator Uca vocator Computed  
      citation: Kingsley (1880)Gelasimus vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Heilprin (1888)Gelasimus vocator Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Ortmann (1894)Gelasimus vocator TBD Computed in part
      citation: Young (1900)Gelasimus vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Milne Edwards (1837)Gelasimus vocans Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: De Kay (1844)Gelasimus vocans Var. A Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Gibbes (1850)Gelasimus vocans Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Le Conte (1855)Gelasimus pugilator [New Jersey, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stimpson (1860)Gelasimus palustris TBD Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus palustris Uca vocans Computed in part
 
Pearse (1912)   text p. 115 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Pearse (1914)   text p. 416 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Pearse (1914)   text p. 791-792, 795, 799-801 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Schwartz & Safir (1915)   text p. 228-239 location: Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York, USA Uca pugilator Przibram (1917)  
 
Schwartz & Safir (1915)   text p. 1-24 location: Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hay & Shore (1915-1916) Mud fiddler text p 451-452; plate 37: figure 4 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Gould (1841)Gelasimus vocans [Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: De Kay (1844)Gelasimus vocans Var. A Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stimpson (1859)Gelasimus palustris Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Coues (1871)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Kingsley (1878)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Paulmier (1905)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Kingsley (1880)Gelasimus vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1900)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Sumner et al. (1911)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Fowler (1912)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Vanhöffen (1916)   text p. 212 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1918)   text p. 377, 395-398, 400; plate 139 citation: Gould (1841)Gelasimus vocans [Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: De Kay (1844)Gelasimus vocans Var. A Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Le Conte (1855)Gelasimus pugilator [New Jersey, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus palustris Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Kingsley (1880)Gelasimus vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Ortmann (1897)Uca vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1900)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      specimen: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: Rhode Island, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: Connecticut, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: Long Island, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      specimen: New Orleans, Louisiana, USA [USNM 2259] Uca longisignalis Geography  
 
Hyman (1920) marsh fiddler text p. 444 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Morgan (1920)   text p. 220-234, 238-239 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1921)   text p. 80-82 citation: Morgan (1920)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Stephensen (1921)   text p. 459 citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Morgan (1923) fiddler crab text p. 274-279 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Huxley (1924)   text p. 895-896 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Huxley (1924) fiddler crab text p. 468-475 citation: Morgan (1923)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fish (1925)   text p. 159-160 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Dembowski (1926)   text p. 180 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Huxley (1927)   text p. 151-153, 160-161 citation: Huxley (1924)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Herter (1927)   text p. 362 citation: Plate (1924) TBD Computed  
 
Kropp & Crozier (1928) fiddler crab text p. 111-122   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Pearse (1928)   text p. 231-236 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Richards (1929) fiddler crab text p. 28-31 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Boone (1930)   text p. 17, 220-221; plate 74: figure C specimen: Long Island, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Gould (1841)Gelasimus vocans [Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: De Kay (1844)Gelasimus vocans Var. A Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Le Conte (1855)Gelasimus pugilator [New Jersey, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus palustris Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Kingsley (1880)Gelasimus vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Ortmann (1897)Uca vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1900)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Verwey (1930)   text p. 252 citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Huxley (1932) fiddler crab text p. 8-13, 31-38, 41, 80-84, 120-122, 168, 238-239 citation: Huxley (1927)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Huxley & Callow (1933)   text p. 380   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Tazelaar (1933)   text p. 393-401 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Carlson (1935)   text p. 549, 551 citation: Megušar (1912)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Clark (1935) fiddler-crab text p. 311-319 location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Rathbun (1935)   text p. 7, 14, 118 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      specimen: Cape May Formation, New Jersey, USA [Pleistocene] TBD   Fossil
      specimen: Rehoboth Beach, Sussex County, Delaware, USA [Pleistocene] TBD   Fossil
 
Carlson (1936)   text p. 72-74 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugilator Original  
      citation: Megušar (1908). Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Abramowitz (1937) fiddler crab text p. 344-364 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hoadley (1937)   text p. 155-163 location: Rhode Island, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Abramowitz (1937)   text p. 409, 413, 416, 420 citation: Megušar (1912)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Abramowitz (1936)Uca [Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Ayers (1938)   text p. 523-526 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Dembowski (1926)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Abramowitz (1938)   text p. 302, 305 citation: Megušar (1912)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Abramowitz (1936)Uca [Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Oliveira (1939)   text p. 116, 119, 122, 133-134, 136, 140 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Ortmann (1897)Uca vocator Uca vocans Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1900)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Moreira (1901)Uca vocator Uca vocator Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Brown & Cunningham (1941)   text p. 82-95 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wald (1941)   text p. P480 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Aikawa (1942)   text p. 607 citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Gray (1942)   text p. 3, 5 location: Solomons Island, Maryland, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Crane (1943)   text p. 40   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Crane (1943)   text p. 217-223; figure 1 location: New York City, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Crane (1944)   text p. 161-162, 164-165 citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown & Sandeen (1948)   text p. 369 citation: Megušar (1912)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown & Webb (1949)   text p. 137-147 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Oliveira (1950)   text p. 371, 385 location: Brazil TBD    
 
Edwards (1950)   text p. 34-38 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1950)   text p. 320-336 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hedgpeth (1950)   text p. 116 location: Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas, USA Uca virens Geography  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Behre (1950)   text p. 27 location: Grand Isle, Louisiana, USA Uca virens Geography  
 
Brown & Stephens (1951)   text p. 71-82 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown & Hines (1952)   text p. 57-69 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1953)   text p. 371   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1953)   text p. 371   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Guyselman (1953)   text p. 134 citation: Edwards (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hines (1953)   text p. 375-376 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb et al. (1953)   text p. 386-387   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hunter & Vernberg (1953)   text p. 163, 166, 169-170 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1953)   text p. 33-58 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Passano (1953)   text p. 160-164, 167-169, 171 location: New Haven, Connecticut, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb et al. (1954)   text p. 796   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb et al. (1954)   text p. 386-396 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown et al. (1954)   text p. 796   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1954)   text p. 477-493, 497, 499-504 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1954)   text p. 308-317 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1954)   text p. 345-349 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hines (1954)   text p. 386-396 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Sandeen et al. (1954)   text p. 350 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown et al. (1954)   text p. 306 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Altevogt (1955)   text p. 707, 712 citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Altevogt (1955)   text p. 508, 516 citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Peters (1955)   text p. 458 citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugilator Computed  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown et al. (1955)   text p. 93-99 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Wurtz & Roback (1955)   text p. 190 location: Sabine River, Orange, Texas, USA TBD    
 
Brown et al. (1955)   text p. 239, 241, 243-246, 248-253 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1955)   text p. 281 citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Stephens (1955)   text p. 352 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman (1955)   text p. 255 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman (1956)   text p. 274-277, 282, 289 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Holthuis (1956)   text p. 229, 231 citation: Rafinesque (1817)Ocypoda pusilla Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown et al. (1956)   text p. 613-614 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bennett et al. (1957)   text p. 267-274 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Altevogt (1957)   text p. 87 citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Crane (1957)   text p. 72, 74, 76, 79-81 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Connecticut, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Florida, USA TBD    
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Démeusy (1957)   text p. 246, 249-250 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman (1957)   text p. 7, 11, 18 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Stephens (1951)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
George et al. (1957) marsh fiddler crabs text p. 43, 50-52 citation: Springer & Mitchell (1953) TBD Computed  
      location: Delaware, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Trager (1957) fiddler crab text p. 132-136 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Gray (1957)   text p. 35-37 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Pérez-González (1957)   text p. 427-428, 430, 437   Uca pugnax Original Location where species was collected is not specified.
 
Stephens (1957)   text p. 57-69 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Odum (1957)   text p. 53, 58, 60 location: East Haven, Connecticut, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman (1957)   text p. 171-174, 176 citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Fingerman (1956)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Tashian & Vernberg (1958)   text p. 89-91; plate 1: figures 1-2 location: East coast of Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Crane (1958)   text p. 114, 116 citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Gerlach (1958)   text p. 673 citation: Oliveira (1950)Uca pugnax TBD Computed  
 
Claff et al. (1958)   text p. 347-348   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman et al. (1958)   text p. 271 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Teal (1958)   text p. 185-193 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Webb & Brown (1958)   text p. 303-318 citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Woods et al. (1958) Fiddler crab text p. 519 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Stephens et al. (1958)   text p. 368   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown et al. (1958) fiddler crabs text p. 238-240 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Burgers (1958)   text p. 587 citation: Abramowitz (1936)Uca [Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Abramowitz (1938)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Bennett & Brown (1959)   text p. 404 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bennett & Brown (1959)   text p. 404 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brett et al. (1959)   text p. 405 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Green et al. (1959)   text p. 76-86   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Holthuis (1959)   text p. 269 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus palustris Uca pugnax Computed  
 
ICZN (1959)   text p. 215, 224, 226, 234 citation: Rafinesque (1817)Ocypoda pusilla Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Teal (1959)   text p. 1, 3-13 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax rapax Uca rapax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Tashian (1959)   text p. 589-591 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1959)   text p. 164-165, 167-180, 182 citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg (1959)   text p. 582-587, 589-592 citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca rapax TBD Computed in part
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman (1959)   text p. 185, 189-191 citation: Carlson (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1949)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Stephens (1951)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Hines (1952)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stephens (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955) TBD Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Martins et al. (1959)   text p. 88-89 citation: Brown & Webb (1949)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1948)Uca ? Computed  
 
Vernberg (1960)   text p. 399 location: North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman (1960)   text p. 481-484 citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett & Brown (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Gurney (1960)   text p. 112 citation: Packard (1881)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Passano (1960)   text p. 129-136 citation: Passano (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: New Haven, Connecticut, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1960)   text p. 346-347 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brett (1960)   text p. 310-311   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Edney (1960)   text p. 376 citation: Pearse (1950) TBD Computed  
 
Wolvekamp & Waterman (1960)   text p. 39, 45, 56 citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fisher (1960)   text p. 262, 267 citation: Wald (1941)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Florkin (1960)   text p. 396, 398-399 citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Passano (1960)   text p. 481-482   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bliss (1960)   text p. 565 citation: Hoadley (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown (1960)   text p. 274-275, 277; Figure 5 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Balss & Gruner (1961)   text p. 1774, 1792   Uca    
 
Edney (1961)   text p. 84, 86, 88-89 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Stephens & Schinske (1961)   text p. 177-178 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb & Brown (1961)   text p. 561-571 citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Miller (1961)   text p. 89, 94-95, 97-99 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wass (1961)   text p. XII-19 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Kleinholz (1961)   text p. 138 citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Welsh (1961)   text p. 302 citation: Pérez-González (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Pardi & Papi (1961)   text p. 373, 390 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Kropp & Crozier (1928)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brown (1961)   text p. 403-405, 410-413, 416-424 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1956)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Edwards (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1956)Uca Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Stephens (1951)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stephens (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Hines (1952)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1949)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Schöne (1961)   text p. 502, 513 citation: Brown et al. (1956)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Tabb & Manning (1961)   text p. 602 citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Stephens (1962)   text p. 927-938 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Teal (1962)   text p. 615, 619-620 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
von Hagen (1962)   text p. 628, 644, 682, 684, 695-696 citation: Przibram (1917)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Edwards (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Palmer (1962)   text p. 507-508 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman et al. (1962)   text p. 522-523   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Green (1962)   text p. 526   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Lockwood (1962)   text p. 261, 284 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Kinne (1963)   text p. 39 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Günther (1963)   text p. 268, 299, 301 citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnwell & Brown (1963)   text p. 371-372 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Barnwell (1963)   text p. 399, 404-405, 411-412 citation: Fingerman (1956)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Hines (1952)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Stephens (1951)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown (1960) TBD Computed  
 
Fingerman et al. (1963)   text p. 496-504 location: Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA TBD    
 
Palmer (1963)   text p. 387 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Wass (1963)   text p. 45 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Stevenson (1963)   text p. 392   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Stevenson (1963)   text p. 532   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Frankenberg & Burbanck (1963)   text p. 92 citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Bennett (1963)   text p. 431-437 citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Chappaquoit, Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Lagoon Pond, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1963)   text p. 139-140 citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman et al. (1964)   text p. 83-89 location: Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA TBD    
 
Green (1964)   text p. 239-253 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Palmer (1964)   text p. 431-434 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Stephens et al. (1964)   text p. 386-404 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Gross (1964)   text p. 447, 453 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Potts & Parry (1964)   text p. 284, 321-322 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Jones (1941)Uca crenulata Uca crenulata Computed  
 
Webb & Brown (1965)   text p. 582-591 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Webb (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wilkens & Fingerman (1965)   text p. 133, 140 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Williams (1965) mud fiddler text p. 227-234; figures 209-210 location: North and South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Hay & Shore (1915-1916)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Hedgpeth (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brett (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Gray (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Huxley (1927)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tazelaar (1933)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Ono (1965)   text p. 45 citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Salmon (1965)   text p. 123-126, 128-130, 135, 140-142, 145-147 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugilator Uca pugilator Computed  
 
Wass (1965)   text p. 41 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Tomkins (1965)   text p. 166 location: Georgia and South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Enright (1965) fiddler crab text p. 447, 456-462 citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wilkins (1965) fiddler crab text p. 152, 157 citation: Brown & Webb (1948)Uca ? Computed  
 
Aschoff (1965)   text p. 95-96, 102 citation: Stephens (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnwell (1966)   text p. 1-2, 10-13, 15-16 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Edwards (1950)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown (1960) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Costlow (1966)   text p. 36-37, 39-45, 48-51 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)   text p. 363-373 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)   text p. 30-33 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)   text p. 490, 503, 510-513, 515, 518-521 citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Korte (1966)   text p. 2, 14-15, 18 citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Kunze (1963) TBD Computed  
 
Sarojini (1966)   text p. 274-275 citation: Morgan (1923)Gelasimus Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1923)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)   text p. 327 location: North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Salmon (1966)   text p. 515 location: Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman (1966)   text p. 174 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1966)   text p. 181-186 location: Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1964)   text p. 478-484 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Vernberg & Costlow (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Goldsmith & Fernandez (1966)   text p. 135   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Nunnemacher (1966)   text p. 375 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Fingerman & Yamamoto (1967)   text p. 311 citation: Stephens (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Summers (1967)   text p. 129-136 location: Fort George Island, Florida, USA Uca pugilator Summers (1968) He calls this species Uca pugnax in this paper, but corrects this to Uca pugilator in a later publication.
 
Teal & Carey (1967)   text p. 83-90 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Salmon (1967)   text p. 449-454, 456-458; plates 9: figure 4, 10: figure 5 citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Northeastern Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Northwestern Florida, USA Uca longisignalis Barnwell (1968)  
 
Crane (1967)   text p. 50   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Green (1967)   text p. 466 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Lockwood (1967)   text p. 57-58, 136-137, 143, 145-149, 153 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugilator Uca pugilator Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Gray (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Miller & Vernberg (1967)   text p. 766 location: Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnwell (1968)   text p. 221-223, 228-233 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Macnae (1968)   text p. 202-203 citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Salmon & Atsaides (1968)   text p. 275-279, 283-288 citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      location: East coast of Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Salmon & Atsaides (1968)   text p. 629, 631-635 citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Stewart & Green (1968)   text p. 438 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1968)   text p. 115, 120 citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1968)   text p. 499-506 citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
von Hagen (1968)   text p. 404, 449-450 citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Rathbun (1902)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Schmidt-Nielsen et al. (1968)   text p. 473 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnwell (1968)   text p. 572, 575, 578, 580 citation: Barnwell & Brown (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Bliss (1968)   text p. 375-376 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Herrnkind et al. (1968)   text p. 492   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Miller & Vernberg (1968)   text p. 459-468 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg & Costlow (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1968)   text p. 451 citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
van Delft (1968)   text p. 58, 69-70 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Fingerman (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Brown & Webb (1948)Uca ? Computed  
      citation: Fingerman & Fitzpatrick (1956)Uca pugilator [Gulf coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA] TBD Computed  
 
Green (1969)   text p. 277-285 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Green & Neff (1969)   text p. 401 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Odum et al. (1969)   text p. 576-577 location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1969)   text p. 235, 237 citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1969)   text p. 334-337 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Warner (1969)   text p. 383 citation: Dansereau (1947)Uca pugnax var. brasiliensis Uca rapax Computed  
 
Feest (1969)   text p. 173-174, 178, 184, 199 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stephens (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Spirito (1969)   text p. 1112-1113 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Green (1970)   text p. 88   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bourdon & Bowman (1970)   text p. 410, 413, 416, 418, 421 location: Savannah, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Kurata (1970)   text p. 236-240, 254, 256, 273; plates 95-96 location: Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
von Hagen (1970)   text p. 31 citation: Teal (1959)Uca minax Uca minax Computed  
      citation: Kunze (1963) TBD Computed  
 
von Hagen (1970)   text p. 221, 228, 230 location: Atlantic coast of North America Uca pugnax Original in part
 
McConnell & Shelby (1970)   text p. 99-100 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Spirito (1970)   text p. 211-225 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Yamaguchi (1970)   text p. 25-26 citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Coward et al. (1970)   text p. 24-26, 28-30 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Jansen (1970)   text p. 61, 63, 70, 78-79, 90, 92 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb et al. (1954)Uca pugilator Uca pugilator Computed  
 
von Hagen (1970)   text p. 394 citation: Barnwell & Brown (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1970)   text p. 70, 116-117, 130-136 citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Costlow (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman (1970)   text p. 351, 364 citation: Barnwell (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Fingerman et al. (1963)Uca pugnax TBD Computed  
 
Green (1970)   text p. 511 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Heard (1970)   text p. 148-149 location: Atlanic and Gulf coasts of United States Uca pugnax Original in part
      citation: Hunter & Vernberg (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Skobe & Nunnemacher (1970)   text p. 81-82, 84-85, 87 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Aspey (1971)   text p. 669-676 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1944)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Sandeen (1948)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fielder et al. (1971)   text p. 296 citation: Woods et al. (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman et al. (1971)   text p. 376-377 citation: Brown & Cunningham (1941)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Kerwin (1971)   text p. 180-183 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Wass (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Selander et al. (1971)   text p. 402 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1971)   text p. 191-197 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Unglaub (1971)   text p. 696 location: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Engel et al. (1971)   text p. 301 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Skinner & Graham (1972)   text p. 223-224, 231 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1972)   text p. 179-185 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Salmon & Horch (1972)   text p. 63, 65, 67 citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Gibbs & Bryan (1972)   text p. 107 citation: Odum (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Bayley (1972)   text p. 259 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1972)   text p. 68-70, 74, 76, 86, 88, 103, 106-109, 111-112, 143, 188-189 citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Barnwell (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Costlow (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hazlett (1972)   text p. 120 citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Engel (1973)   text p. 289-291 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Salmon & Horch (1973)   text p. 530-531, 538 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Frey et al. (1973)   Figure 1 location: Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Mangum (1973)   text p. 308 location: Massachusetts or Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original The location could be either Massachusetts or Virginia, but either way the species is likely correct.
 
Silverthorn (1973)   text p. 417-419 location: Georgetown, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hyatt (1973)   text p. 2-4, 7, 9-10, 26, 28-30, 34-36, 60-61, 68, 74, 76, 78 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugilator Computed  
      citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Aspey (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Goldsmith & Fernandez (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Miller (1973)   text p. 128 citation: Tazelaar (1933)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Miller & Maurer (1973)   text p. 219-221 location: Delaware Bay, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Smith & Miller (1973)   text p. 203 citation: Barnwell (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Vacca (1973)   text p. 4, 127 citation: Stevenson (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stevenson (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Green & Neff (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Honegger (1973)   text p. 19, 25, 27, 30 citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Webb (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Honegger (1973)   text p. 201 citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Yamaguchi (1973)   text p. 157 citation: Yerkes (1901)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1923)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1924). Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Takeda & Yamaguchi (1973)   text p. 13-17 citation: Yerkes (1901)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1923)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1920)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brusca (1973)   text p. 264 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Powers (1973)   text p. 1271 location: Texas, USA Uca virens Powers (1975)  
 
Silverthorn (1973)   text p. 1275-1276 location: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Nixon & Oviatt (1973) fiddler crab text p. 468, 471 location: Rhode Island, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Crichton (1967) TBD Computed  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1972) TBD Computed  
 
Palmer (1973)   text p. 380-382, 389-393, 398-400 citation: Brown et al. (1956)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell & Brown (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett & Brown (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett (1963)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brett et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1948)Uca ? Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Enright (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hines (1954)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Megušar (1912)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stephens (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Stephens (1955)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Allen & Curran (1973)   text p. 1 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Novak & Salmon (1974)   text p. 313 citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Allen & Curran (1974) mud fiddler text p. 538, 541-547 location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Williams (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Rathbun (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Gibbs (1974)   text p. 89 citation: Huxley (1927)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hyatt (1974)   text p. 800 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Dembowski (1926)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Krebs et al. (1974)   text p. 140-142 citation: Odum et al. (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Nimmo et al. (1971)Uca pugilator ? Computed  
      location: West Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Scott & Mote (1974)   text p. 659-662 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Goldsmith & Fernandez (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Valiela et al. (1974)   text p. 652-659 location: Falmouth, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Shanholtzer (1973) TBD Computed  
 
Young (1974)   text p. 68-71 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Pitts & Cowley (1974)   text p. 670 location: Georgetown, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Klein & Lincer (1974)   text p. 181 citation: George et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Ward & Howes (1974)   text p. 694-697 location: Great Bay, New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: DeCoursey & Vernberg (1972)Uca pugilator Uca pugilator Computed  
      citation: Odum et al. (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Avent (1974)   text p. 221 citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Lehmann et al. (1974)   text p. 197 citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1974)   text p. 167 citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman & Fingerman (1975)   text p. 57 citation: Fingerman et al. (1963)Uca pugnax TBD Computed  
 
Herman & Dallmann (1975)   text p. 919 citation: Brown & Cunningham (1941)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hoffert et al. (1975)   text p. 351-352 location: Florida Keys, Florida, USA Uca rapax Geography  
 
Sandifer (1975)   text p. 271 location: Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Reimold et al. (1975) mud fiddler crab text p. 119, 121 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Wolf et al. (1975)   text p. 79-90 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Powers (1975)   text p. 2, 4, 105, 119, 122, 134, 147 citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Selander et al. (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Smith & Miller (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Valiela et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Powers (1975)   text p. 69 citation: Rathbun (1918)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Powers (1973)Uca pugnax Uca virens Computed  
      citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Greenspan (1975)   text p. 6, 8, 66 citation: Valiela et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Aspey (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnes (1975)   text p. 431-437   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hyatt (1975)   text p. 334-337, 343-346, 353-354, 358-360 citation: Holmes (1908)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Schwartz & Safir (1915)Uca pugnax Uca pugilator Computed  
      citation: Clark (1935)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Aspey (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Beaufort, North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg & Vernberg (1975)   text p. 169-177 location: Georgetown, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
von Hagen (1975)   text p. 305-306 citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1975)   text p. 523 citation: Vernberg (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Barnes (1975)   text p. 237-254 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Silverthorn (1975)   text p. 129-133 location: Georgetown, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Abreu (1975)   text p. 139 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Lehmann (1976)   text p. 77, 83 citation: Palmer (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Ahmed (1976)   text p. 499, 502-504 citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1920)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Valiela et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Baldwin & Kirschener (1976)   text p. 158-159 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Baldwin & Kirschener (1976)   text p. 173 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Haines (1976)   text p. 880-882 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Lacerda (1976)   text p. 49-60 location: Paraná, Brazil Uca rapax Geography  
      citation: Abramowitz (1937)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Powers & Cole (1976)   text p. 149, 154-155 citation: Smith & Miller (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
von Hagen (1976)   text p. 223 citation: Crane (1975)Uca (Minuca) [galapagensis] pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Ward & Busch (1976)   text p. 331-333 citation: Odum et al. (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Krebs et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Ward et al. (1976)Uca pugnax TBD Computed  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Weis (1976)   text p. 153, 157-158, 160-161 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax [New Haven, Connecticut, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Weis & Mantel (1976)   text p. 461-464 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Weatherly (1976)   text p. 11, 40 location: New England, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Krebs (1976)   text p. iv-vi, 2, 8-11, 16-41, 44-45, 54-89, 91-94, 96-98, 100, 102-105, 107, 127-140 citation: Odum et al. (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Nimmo et al. (1971) Uca Original  
      location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Shanholtzer (1973) TBD Computed  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1975)Uca pugnax [Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Tashian (1956)Uca pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1943)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pearse (1914)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Heard (1976)   text p. 8, 17, 23, 45, 72, 121-122 citation: Hunter & Vernberg (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Heard (1967) TBD Computed  
      citation: Heard (1970)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Deblock & Heard (1969) TBD Computed  
      citation: Crane (1975)Uca (Minuca) [galapagensis] pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Webb (1976)   text p. 130-134 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1948) TBD Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1949)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
        Uca pugnax Original source of specimens is not specified
 
Lesser et al. (1976)   text p. 69-70, 74-75 location: Delaware, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Nixon & Oviatt (1973)Uca pugnax TBD Computed in part
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Grimes (1976)   text p. 248-249 location: North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Coohill & Fingerman (1976)   text p. 569   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Barnwell (1976)   text p. 162, 181, 183 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Burns (1976)   text p. 5-11 location: Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Krebs et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Burns (1975) TBD Computed  
 
Kraeuter (1976)   text p. 215-221 location: Sapelo Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Ward et al. (1976) marsh fiddler crab text p. 119-125 citation: Teal (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: Great Bay, New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Ward & Howes (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Ferrigno (1966) TBD Computed  
      citation: Tomkins (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1948)Uca ? Computed  
      citation: Brown & Webb (1949)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb & Brown (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Warner (1977)   text p. 143 citation: Miller & Vernberg (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Bowerman (1977)   text p. 233 citation: Barnes (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Weis (1977)   text p. 263-264, 269-272 citation: Weis (1976)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Weis & Mantel (1976)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      location: East Hampton, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1975)Uca (Minuca) [galapagensis] pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Vernberg & Tashian (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Powers (1977)   text p. 18, 143, 147, 149 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Selander et al. (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Felder (1973) TBD Computed  
      citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Crane (1975)Uca (Minuca) [galapagensis] pugnax pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Tashian & Vernberg (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Krebs & Burns (1977)   text p. 484-486 location: Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Krebs & Valiela (1978) TBD Computed in press
      citation: Hyman (1920)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Krebs et al. (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Burns (1976)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Odum et al. (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Dembowski (1926)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Shanholtzer (1973) TBD Computed  
      citation: Teal (1962)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Powers & Cole (1976)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Klaas & Belisle (1977)   text p. 152, 155-156 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Heard (1977)   text p. 52-53 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Basan & Frey (1977) mud fiddler text p. 52-53, 55-56, 59-60, 62-66 location: Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      citation: Wolf et al. (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1958)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Frey et al. (1973). TBD Computed  
      citation: Kerwin (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller & Maurer (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Hyatt (1977)   text p. 31 citation: Salmon (1965)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Webb (1977)   text p. 631 citation: Abramowitz (1940)Uca pugilator [Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Yamaguchi (1977)   text p. 424 citation: Yerkes (1901)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hailman (1977)   text p. 198 citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Barlow (1977)   text p. 104, 110 citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Salmon (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Weygoldt (1977)   text p. 309, 311 citation: Salmon & Atsaides (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Shisler & Jobbins (1977)   text p. 632-635 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Doherty (1978)   text p. 621   Uca pugnax Original Study location is not provided and cannot be inferred.
 
Ringold (1978)   text p. 599 location: Maryland, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Gosner (1978) mud fiddler text p. 252; Plate 58 location: Atlantic coast of the Americas Uca pugnax Original in part
 
Ahmed (1978)   text p. 294 citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1923)Gelasimus Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Powers (1979)   text p. 913 location: New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Ringold (1979)   text p. 928   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Headstrom (1979)   text p. 48 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brusca (1980)   text p. 303   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brown & Loveland (1980)   text p. 957 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Full & Herreid (1980)   text p. 909   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Thurman (1981)   text p. 170, 177-178 citation: Smith (1870)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Wagner & Foreman (1981)   text p. 331-332 location: Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bursey (1982)   text p. 950 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hartnoll (1982)   text p. 177 citation: Huxley (1932)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Govind & Atwood (1982)   text p. 97 citation: Spirito (1970)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Lee et al. (1982)   text p. 146-151, 155 location: Wilmington River, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Vernberg (1983)   text p. 53 citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1972)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wolff (1983)   text p. 157 location: Atlantic coast of North America Uca pugnax Original in part
 
Mantel & Farmer (1983)   text p. 87, 95 citation: Green et al. (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Heard & Overstreet (1983)   text p. 171 location: Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Overstreet (1983)   text p. 170 citation: Heard & Overstreet (1983)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Cameron & Mangum (1983)   text p. 49 citation: Mangum (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Gilles & Péqueux (1983)   text p. 151, 162 citation: George et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Stephens & Schinske (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1983)   text p. 7, 16, 19, 28 citation: Vernberg & Vernberg (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pamatmat (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
 
Powers & Bliss (1983)   text p. 287, 291-292, 296, 306-307, 311, 319 citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Miller & Vernberg (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Wheeler (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1979) TBD Computed  
      citation: Miller (1961)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Sastry (1983)   text p. 224, 248 citation: DeCoursey (1979) TBD Computed  
      citation: Vernberg & Costlow (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Salmon & Hyatt (1983)   text p. 11, 14-15, 21, 24 citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1979) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Salmon & Horch (1973)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
DeCoursey (1983)   text p. 113, 133, 136 citation: Brown et al. (1953)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb (1971)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Webb (1972)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Bennett et al. (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell (1966)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Barnwell (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Palmer (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Mace & McGraw (1985)   text p. 148 location: Pleasure Island, Port Arthur, Texas, USA TBD    
 
Stevenson (1985)   text p. 14 citation: Summers (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugilator Computed  
 
Ghidalia (1985)   text p. 362 citation: Green (1969)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Skinner (1985)   text p. 57, 65, 69-70, 110 citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Pérez-González (1957)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Silverthorn (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Skinner & Graham (1972)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Rao (1985)   text p. 399, 401, 405 citation: Green & Neff (1972) Uca Original  
      citation: Green (1964)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Barnwell (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Mittenthal (1985)   text p. 58-59 citation: Trinkaus-Randall (1982) TBD Computed  
 
Conan (1985)   text p. 90 citation: Wheeler (1978) TBD Computed  
 
Fingerman (1985)   text p. 224 citation: Marinucci & Bartha (1982) TBD Computed  
 
Hopkins (1985)   text p. 272 citation: Huxley (1924)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Dexter (1985)   text p. 64A location: Cape Ann, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Weis et al. (1985)   text p. 323 citation: Callahan & Weis (1983) TBD Computed  
 
Felder et al. (1985)   text p. 187 citation: Kurata (1970)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Vernberg (1987)   text p. 320, 322, 360-363 citation: Pamatmat (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Cammen et al. (1980) TBD Computed  
      citation: Vernberg (1959)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Krebs (1976)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed in part
      citation: Shanholtzer (1973) TBD Computed  
 
O'Connor (1987)   text p. 163A location: North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Thompson et al. (1987)   text p. 129A   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Dunham & Gilchrist (1988)   text p. 108, 113, 116, 126-127 citation: Bursey (1982)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Doherty (1982) TBD Computed  
      citation: Greenspan (1982) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: Hyatt & Salmon (1979) TBD Computed  
      citation: Katz (1980) TBD Computed  
 
Adiyodi (1988)   text p. 150, 171, 174, 178 citation: Greenspan (1982) TBD Computed  
      citation: Young (1974)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Hyman (1920)Gelasimus pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Hartnoll (1988)   text p. 196, 199, 208-209 citation: Passano (1960)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Weis (1976)Uca pugnax [New Jersey, USA] Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Weis (1977)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Morgan (1923)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Huxley (1924)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Huxley (1932)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
      citation: Skinner & Graham (1972)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
McMahon & Burggren (1988)   text p. 288 citation: Teal & Carey (1967)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Herreid & Full (1988)   text p. 358 citation: Barnes (1975)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Fingerman (1988)   text p. 399 citation: Barnwell (1968)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Wolcott & Wolcott (1988)   text p. 149 location: North Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Salmon & Zucker (1988)   text p. 395 citation: Greenspan (1982) TBD Computed  
 
Grebel & Weis (1990)   text p. 138A location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Lallier & Walsh (1990)   text p. 70A   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Bishop (1993)   text p. 296 location: Southeastern United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Croll & Klinger (1994)   text p. 53A location: Hunting Island, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Weissburg & Derby (1994)   text p. 572 location: Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
O'Connor & Judge (1996)   text p. 330   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Neiman & Barnwell (1997)   text p. 47A   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Merz et al. (1999)   text p. 40A   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Croll & McClintock (2000)   text p. 984 location: Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Croll & McClintock (2000)   text p. 111, 113-117 location: Saxis, Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Wallops Island, Virginia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
      location: Hunting Island, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Garcia (2001)   text p. 1449 location: Lewes, Delaware, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Thurman (2001)   text p. 1607 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Nieto & McClary (2002)   text p. 1286 location: New Jersey, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brodie & Staton (2003)   text p. 1080 location: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
McFadden & Thurman (2003)   text p. 1044 location: Southern Florida, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Schreiner et al. (2003)   text p. 606.9   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Smith et al. (2003)   text p. N-228   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Hyun et al. (2003) mud fiddler crab text p. N-170 location: Skidaway Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Brodie & Staton (2004)   text p. 64 location: Southeastern United States Uca pugnax Original  
 
Allen & Levinton (2004)   text p. 514 location: Long Island, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Thurman (2004)   text p. 652   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Ohno et al. (2006)   text p. 13 citation: Nomann & Pennings (1998) TBD Computed  
      citation: Ringold (1979) TBD Computed  
      citation: Krebs & Valiela (1978) TBD Computed  
      citation: O'Connor (1993) TBD Computed  
      citation: Croll & McClintock (2000)Uca pugnax Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Brodie & Godley (2006)   text p. e17 location: South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Warwick et al. (2009)   text p. e179   Uca pugnax Original  
 
Barnard et al. (2010)   text p. e203 location: New York City, New York, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Smith (2013)   text p. 66 location: Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Giblock & Crain (2013)   text p. 1-3 citation: Bergey & Weis (2008) TBD Computed  
      citation: Culbertson et al. (2007) TBD Computed  
      location: Beaufort, South Carolina, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Whitten & Martin (2014)   text p. 87 location: St. Catherines Island, Georgia, USA Uca pugnax Original  
 
Burton (2015)   text p. 232 citation: Morgan (1924). Uca pugnax Computed  
 
Roberts et al. (2015)   text p. e321 location: Atlantic coast of United States Uca pugnax Original